Basic Equipment used in Volleyball

Volleyball is a sport played by two teams with six players each separated by a net. To score points, each team tries to ground the ball on the other team’s court. To play this game, you require several key pieces of equipment that follow fixed specifications. Below is few basic equipment that you’ll need for a volleyball game.

The Ball

The type of ball used depends on the type and level of volleyball being played. Balls for beach and indoor volleyball vary in size, weight and composition. The standard volleyball is made of leather or synthetic leather and weighs 9 and 10 ounces with a circumference of 25.6-26.4 inches. There is a rubber bladder on the ball which can either be of a single color or a combination of colors.

Indoor volleyball is played with six players on a larger court and the ball used is heavier, faster and made of leather. Beach volleyball is played with two players on a court much smaller than indoor court with a larger and lighter ball.

The Net and Court

The net divides the volleyball court into two halves. The volleyball net is 32 feet long by 3 feet wide- this varies for men and women players.

The outdoor volleyball court measures 16*8m and surrounded by a free zone that is 2m wide on all sides. The courts for indoor volleyball are larger and measures 18*9m with a parallel attack line which is 3m from the center line.

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The court is marked by two sidelines and two end lines. All these lines must be 2 inches wide and must be created with a light color so that it is easy to discern from the playing court. The center line divides the court into two 9*9m courts and an attack line should be placed 3m from the center line.

Posts and Cables

The volleyball net structure is held together with posts and metal cables. Posts are placed 0.5m to 1m the sidelines and at a height of 2.55m. Posts should be padded, round and smooth so as to prevent any injury to the players. Metal wires and cables may need to be covered if they pose any danger to the players.

Antenna and Side Bands

Antennas are flexible rods, 1.8m long and made of fiber glass. These are fastened at the outer edge of each side band. The Side bands are two white bands which are attached vertically to the net and are placed above each sideline.

Knee Pads

The knee pads have to be sturdy enough to protect your knees from slides, falls and dives and also flexible enough to allow you to bend comfortably. The fabric to be selected for these pads should manage moisture. Good quality pads have a gel or foam shock-absorbing material that will cover and protect your patella.


Volleyball shoes which are lightweight and allows the player to be faster on their feet as well as bearing good shock absorption on player’s toes. That is why it is essential to invest in the┬ábest shoes for volleyball

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